Shirodhara done by using medicated buttermilk is called thakradhara. Medicated buttermilk is made by mixing equal quantities of herbal decoction and buttermilk. The buttermilk itself is medicated with some herbs depending on the condition. At first, suitable oil for the head and the body are applied and a gentle massage is done on the body. Then the dhara starts with lukewarm buttermilk flowing on the forehead in a continuous stream. Along with that, a gentle massage is done on the body without disturbing the head position. The commonly used buttermilk is medicated with herbs like dried gooseberry Pulp and Cyperus rotundas tubers. This is done for 45 minutes by 3 persons and after that, the patient is allowed to take rest for a few minutes. Then hot Water is used for the body and the head is washed with lukewarm medicated water.

Mode of action 
The herbal medicines in the buttermilk will be absorbed through the scalp and hair follicles. These will be effective both for body and head diseases. According to Ayurveda, there is a concept about the human body, which can be compared to an upside down tree. For a tree, any nutrients or medicaments given at the root can be utilized by the whole plant. Like that for the human body, any medicament applied on the head can be made use of by all other body parts.


  • For all types of diseases of the head and nervous system.
  • For good sleep and relaxation
  • For diseases of the sense organs
  • For diseases of the hair and scalp